Photo of Leemore S. Dafny, PhD

Selected Expertise

  • Antitrust analysis
  • Competitive effects
  • Healthcare economics
  • Industrial organization
  • Pharmaceutical economics
  • Public policy

Selected Industries

  • Health insurance
  • Healthcare
  • Hospitals
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Physician groups

Leemore S. Dafny, PhD


Leemore Dafny is a Professor of Strategy and the Herman Smith Research Professor in Hospital and Health Services at Northwestern University’s Kellogg School of Management. Dr. Dafny is a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, a Faculty Fellow at Northwestern’s Institute for Policy Research, and a Board member of the American Society of Health Economists and the Health Care Cost Institute.

In 2012–2013, Dr. Dafny served as Deputy Director for Health Care and Antitrust at the Federal Trade Commission’s Bureau of Economics, a newly created position designed to enhance the agency’s efforts to promote competition in the healthcare sector. In her FTC role, Dr. Dafny oversaw a staff of more than 50 economists, investigating cases and advising on competitive issues ranging from effects of provider consolidation to reverse payment settlements in the pharmaceutical industry. In addition to her work with the FTC, she serves on the Congressional Budget Office’s Panel of Health Advisers, and on numerous boards and advisory groups related to healthcare policy and research. Dr. Dafny has been retained in several healthcare matters, including a large class action and a health plan merger under investigation by the Antitrust Division of the US Department of Justice.

Dr. Dafny’s academic research focuses on competitive interactions among payers and providers of healthcare services, with an emphasis on antitrust, competitive strategy, and public policy. Notably, Dr. Dafny’s research on health insurance markets was instrumental to policymakers as they developed institutions and policies central to President Obama’s healthcare reform law. She has won the Kellogg School’s leading research prize, the Stanley Reiter Best Paper award, among other accolades at Northwestern University. Her research has been published in leading economics journals and featured in the New England Journal of Medicine, the New York Times, and the Washington Post.


PhD, Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

AB, Economics, Harvard University, summa cum laude